Romans 5:1-11 — Rejoice! (Bible study notes)

For the video teaching click this link: Romans Bible Study – Week 7 – Rejoice!

  • Recap:
  • Through chapters 1-3 Paul taught us to do away with our “us and them” way of thinking… Jew and Gentile… Greek and Barbarian… and in our day Church people and non church people
    • we saw the condition of ALL mankind prior to the Cross
    • Jew and Gentile — those under the law/of covenant (Jew) and those without the law/no covenant (non Jews)
    • Both were unclean and unrighteous —anyone not under the law or anyone who couldn’t keep the law
    • that’s an account of ALL people that have ever lived
  • Also in chapter 3:23 we saw that ALL have sinned and fallen short of the glory of God
    • v. 24 — and that same ALL were justified as a gift by His grace through the redemption that is IN CHRIST
  • He ended chapter 3 telling us that no man could become righteous through performance because self effort (works of the law) only brought the knowledge of sin (3:20)
    • So mankind was unable to become righteous through his own efforts or performance
  • Verse 21 He begins with the words BUT NOW
    • But now tells us something has changed
    • But now threw mankind a life preserver of hope!
    • The Message Bible says of this “but now” v.21-24: But in our time something new has been added. What Moses and the prophets witnessed to all those years has happened. The God-setting-things-right that we read about (In Old Testament Scriptures) has become Jesus-setting-things-right for us. And not only for us, but for everyone who believes in him (talking about Gentiles). For there is no difference between us and them in this……. Out of sheer generosity he put us in right standing with himself. A pure gift. He got us out of the mess we’re in and restored us to where he always wanted us to be. And he did it by means of Jesus Christ.
  • But in our time — Paul’s not talking about you and I
    • he’s talking about this transitional generation of Jews that lived on both sides of the Cross
    • the something new that has been added (being judged righteous through Jesus) was new for them
    • it has always been true for us who were born after the Cross
  • Justified = God has declared and judged you innocent and righteous; He has positioned you as if you never sinned
    • justified puts you.. puts ALL in the same position as Jesus who never sinned — As He is so are we in this world!
    • We still have to believe it to experience the benefits of it, but it’s true whether we believe it or not.
  • Chapter 4 he explained how Abraham was declared righteous because he believed… not because of anything he did — it was all grace — it was all God’s doing!
    • He simply believed what God said about him
    • it’s the same for us — It’s not about going to the altar and repenting of sin and asking for forgiveness
    • it’s about metanoia — coming to your senses, coming into your right mind; changing your thinking; to think what God thinks; to co-know with God
    • It is simply believing, “You justified us IN CHRIST so I’m justified.”
    • It is simply believing it was ALL grace apart from anything we do
  • Romans 4:25 ended with He was crucified for our sins and resurrected for our righteousness
    • His resurrection revealed our complete, finished righteousness!
  • Now we come to chapter 5
    • We’ll break chapter 5 into two weeks — tonight we’ll do 5:1-11
Romans 5:1-11 (NKJV): Therefore, having been justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ, 2 through whom also we have access by faith into this grace in which we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God. 3 And not only that, but we also glory in tribulations, knowing that tribulation produces perseverance; 4 and perseverance, character; and character, hope. 5 Now hope does not disappoint, because the love of God has been poured out in our hearts by the Holy Spirit who was given to us. 6 For when we were still without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly. 7 For scarcely for a righteous man will one die; yet perhaps for a good man someone would even dare to die. 8 But God demonstrates His own love toward us, in that while we were still sinners, Christ died for us. 9 Much more then, having now been justified by His blood, we shall be saved from wrath through Him. 10 For if when we were enemies we were reconciled to God through the death of His Son, much more, having been reconciled, we shall be saved by His life. 11 And not only that, but we also rejoice in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received the reconciliation.
  • Rejoice in your peace with God
verses 1-2: Therefore being justified by faith, we have peace with God through our Lord Jesus Christ: (2) By whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.
Rom 4:25 ended with who was delivered up because of our offenses, and was raised up because of our being declared righteous. ~ Youngs Literal Translation
  • In 5:1-2 Paul sums up the previous four chapters.
  • justified by faith is an aorist tense indicating a simple action that happened in the past
    • it’s in a passive voice meaning someone else did the action to the subject (us) — God justified us (Rom 8:33)
  • by faith isn’t by our faith
    • Romans 3:22 told us it was by Jesus’ faith that we were justified.
  • So Paul is saying, “We (ALL mankind) having already been declared and judged innocent and righteous; We having already been positioned just as if we’ve never sinned; We are in the same position as Jesus (the one who never sinned); We have peace through Jesus”
  • through Jesus — I love the word through in Greek! It is dia meaning to the other side; and implies successfully and completely.
  • Mankind has been declared and judged innocent and righteous; we all have been positioned just as if we’ve never sinned, same position as Jesus; successfully and completely because of the finished work of Jesus Christ!
  • and now we have peace with God
    • peace is eirene in Greek meaning to join; it refers to the “dove-tail” joint in carpentry. It is to be joined or tied together into a whole; or set at one again;
    • “with” is pros which means face to face
    • We now have peace with God
    • The justification of mankind at the Cross joined ALL to Him; we were set at one again with Him; face to face in union with Him.
  • Paraphrased — we (ALL mankind) have been successfully and completely declared and pronounced innocent and righteous; we have been positioned just as if we’ve never sinned; in the same position as Jesus (the one who never sinned), and we have become one with God, face to face with Him because of the finished work of Jesus.
v. 2 – Through whom also we have access by faith into this grace wherein we stand, and rejoice in hope of the glory of God.
  • through whom – referring to Jesus and there’s that word “dia” again — Jesus death, burial and resurrection was successful and complete!
  • we have access by faith
Passion: Our faith guarantees us access into this marvelous kindness (c) that has given us a perfect relationship with God.
  • it’s not our faith that gives us access — I know that’s what we’ve been taught but that’s not true
  • it’s never been about our faith but always about His
  • Romans 3:22 says the righteousness unto all and upon all by the faith of Jesus — Greek: dia (successfully, completely through) pisteos (faith) Iesous Christos (Jesus’ Christ)
  • successfully completely through Jesus Christ’s faith — that’s pretty clear.
  • Greek doesn’t say “by faith” – it is the word “ho” which is an article — “the”
    • In this case the faith referred to was Jesus’
    • “the faith” gives us access — successfully, completely through Jesus’ faith
  • I love that in Gal 2:20-21 Paul gives us a glimpse into his life and how he operates or lives in this new covenant of grace
    • he doesn’t say he lives and operates in grace by his faith BUT rather he says this life I now live I live by the faith of the Son of God who loved me and gave Himself for me.
    • His faith gives us access into this grace in which we stand
  • access means to be welcomed with open arms; the root is prosago and comes from 2 words pros which means intimate face to face and ago meaning to lead.
    • we have access is in the perfect tense which means took place at a certain time (Cross) but the results continue on
    • In Hebrew the word lead means to lead one to a place of rest
  • Through the success of Jesus’ faith, through the completeness of His finished work, we have (become) welcomed with open arms, we have been lead to a place of rest, lead face to face into this grace, into God’s favor
  • in which we stand
    • stand is histemi in Greek meaning a fixed, immovable position of union (oneness) with Him
  • we rejoice or boast
    • rejoice means living with our head held high
  • hope is a confident and positive expectation of God’s goodness
  • glory is doxa and is from dokeo, to form an idea, opinion.
  • The Mirror translates these two verses well…
The conclusion is clear: our righteousness has absolutely nothing to do with our ability to keep moral laws; it is the immediate result of what Jesus accomplished on mankind’s behalf. This gives context to faith and finds expression in unhindered, face to face friendship with God! Jesus Christ is the head of this union! (2) Jesus is God’s grace embrace of the entire human race. So here we are, standing tall in the joyful bliss of our redeemed innocence! We are God’s dream come true! This was God’s idea all along!
  • mankind was justified – declared righteous and innocent and given a clean sin free slate
    • not by anything on our part but by Jesus’ faith alone
    • that justification made us one with God — our position is one of rest; of face to face union with Him
  • We have been welcomed with open arms into a postion that is and immovable, unthreatened union
  • And we can rejoice… we can find joy in the fact that this was ALWAYS God’s good idea — from before the foundation of the world
  • Rejoice in Tribulations
verses 3-5: And not only [so], but we also boast in the tribulations, knowing that the tribulation doth work endurance; (4) and the endurance, experience; and the experience, hope; (5) and the hope doth not make ashamed, because the love of God hath been poured forth in our hearts through the Holy Spirit that hath been given to us.
  • To the readers of Paul’s letter their new life IN CHRIST had caused them much trouble and hardship… not a cause for rejoicing or boasting!
    • But Paul said to them “not only can we rejoice and boast in this new life of oneness with God, we can also rejoice and be confident in these tribulations.”
    • This new life of grace alone… of union with God made life difficult for these Romans with religious leaders but also with political leaders.
    • Paul’s letter arrived in AD 59 — with the backdrop of 10 years of murders, adulteries, injustices, and cruelty by the rulers of the Roman Empire against Jews and Christians and of the Jewish leaders against the Gentile Christians
  • tribulations is “thlipsis” meaning internal pressures; persecutions; the word was used of squeezing olives in a press in order to extract the oil and of squeezing grapes to extract the juice. The ROOT means to break;
    • It conveys the idea of a heavy pressure situation.
    • Paul uses this word to describe moments when he or others went through grueling, crushing situations that would have been unbearable, intolerable, and impossible to survive if it had not been for the help of the Holy Spirit.
      • Acts 7:10 – Steven talking about Joseph being sold into slavery because of the jealousy (fury) of his brothers
      • Acts 11:19 – talking about Believers being scattered abroad because of the persecution that arose because of the stoning of Steven
      • Acts 14:22 – Paul and Barnabas encouraging the disciples to continue in the faith despite much tribulation — Paul had just been stoned and left for dead
      • 2 Cor 1:4 — Paul talking about the troubles that came on them in Asia. They had a death sentence over them and had to trust in God which raises the dead. So severe that they even despaired of living.
  • Paul says in verse 3 “knowing that those pressures (these tribulations, persecutions) work endurance”
  • endurance is hupomone which means to be under and remain there; it comes from 2 words “hupo” meaning under as in under the authority of and “meno” which means to abide.
    • This word is a noun… not a verb
    • It doesn’t require any action of endurance on our part
    • This remaining under is found only in Christ.
    • It is a place of abiding in Him
  • Regardless of the tribulations we go through… so severe that as Paul said in 2 Cor 1:4, they even despaired of living.
    • These tribulations produce endurance which refines our character and leads us back to hope
  • character is who you are – and who you are is now found IN HIM
    • As He is so are you
    • As we abide in Him, beholding Him, we see who we truly are — made in His image and likeness, loved, in oneness with Him (I in Him and He in me – indivisible) that leads us back to hope
      • remember “lead” is to lead to a place of rest
  • I rest in the confident and joyful expectation of His goodness!
  • Paul said in 2 Cor 4:7-10: But we have this treasure in earthen vessels, that the excellency of the power may be of God, and not of us. (8) We are hard pressed (thlibó which is the root of thlipsis) on every side, yet not distressed; we are perplexed, but not in despair; (9) Persecuted, but not forsaken; cast down, but not destroyed; (10) Always bearing about in the body the dying of the Lord Jesus, that the life also of Jesus might be made manifest in our body
  • Passion says: We are like common clay jars that carry this glorious treasure within, so that the extraordinary overflow of power will be seen as God’s, not ours.
    • That’s the key to rejoicing in the tribulations…. we are clay jars that carry this glorious treasure with in us.
  • Gal 2:20: “My old identity has been co-crucified with Messiah and no longer lives; for the nails of his cross crucified me with him. And now the essence of this new life is no longer mine, for the Anointed One lives his life through me—we live in union as one! My new life is empowered by the faith of the Son of God who loves me so much that he gave himself for me, and dispenses his life into mine!
  • Mirror: The terms, co-crucified and co-alive define me now. Christ in me and I in him! (Jn 14:20) His sacrificial love is evidence of his persuasion of my righteousness! (The life that I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God. He believes in my innocence!)
  • I am dead and alive at the same time!
    • I’m dead to the old me I was trying to be and alive to the real me which is Christ in me!
    • Co-crucified, now co-alive!
    • I was in him in His death; now He is in me in my life!
    • I’m free to be me in my skin, immersed in His faith in our joint-sonship!
    • He loves me and believes in me!
  • I have been justified by Jesus’ faith and therefore I have peace with God — I am one with Him.
  • And when there seems to be no way out (tribulations)… I escape within.
    • Abiding in Him — that abiding produces character which leads me back to hope
    • Tribulation does not have what it takes to nullify what hope knows I have!
  • I am accepted; made in His image and likeness; one with Him – co-crucified, co resurrected; His life now lived through mine.
    • that leads us back to hope — resting in the confident and joyful expectation of His goodness!
    • knowing that I’m not left with no way out — I am not left in utter complete despair
  • because there is no tribulation, no pressure, no persecution I go through that He doesn’t go through with me.
    • We are one — I’m in Him and He’s in me — we are indivisible!
    • His love has been shed abroad in my heart by the Holy Spirit!!
  • In the place of abiding, in beholding Him, He reveals to me who we are IN HIM
    • Then I’m able to see and know how loved I am!
    • As I understand the fullness and the completeness of His love I will see people differently
  • Then Paul describes what that love looks like in the next 4 verses…..
  • God’s love for us
verses 6-10: For when we were yet without strength, in due time Christ died for the ungodly. (7) For scarcely for a righteous man will one die: yet peradventure for a good man some would even dare to die. (8) But God commendeth his love toward us, in that, while we were yet sinners, Christ died for us. (9) Much more then, being now justified by his blood, we shall be saved from wrath through him. (10) For if, when we were enemies, we were reconciled to God by the death of his Son, much more, being reconciled, we shall be saved by his life.
  • Paul is explaining the great love of God shown to us through grace.
    • To illustrate it, he drew on the greatest expression of love known to man: laying down your life for another — Jesus said that in John 15:13).
  • However, Paul took it a step further.
    • It is possible to imagine people giving up their lives for others. That has happened many times.
    • But it is inconceivable that anyone would sacrifice their lives for their enemies.
    • Yet that was exactly what God did for ALL mankind (Romans 5:10).
• So how could we ever doubt God’s goodness to us now?
  • v. 8 (Mirror) Here is the extreme of God’s love, mankind was rotten to the core when Jesus died their death
  • v. 9 (Mirror) If God could love us that much when we were ungodly and guilty, how much more are we free to realize his love now that we are declared innocent by his blood?
    • Truth is God does not love us more now that we are reconciled to him
    • we are now just free to realize how much He loved us all along! — from before the foundations of the earth!
    • Our hostility and indifference towards God did not reduce his love for us
    • He reconciled us to Himself
    • He saw equal value in us when He exchanged the life of His son for ours.
  • We were never truly enemies of God — He never considered us His enemies
    • we were enemies in our own thinking
    • Col 1:21: And you — once being alienated, and enemies in the mind, in the evil works, yet now did he reconcile
  • When were we reconciled? When we believed?
    • No at the Cross – 2 Cor 5:18-19
    • ALL mankind was justified and reconciled at the Cross
    • believing simply allows us to experience it’s benefits… but it happened at the Cross
  • Acts 10:22
    • Cornelius is described as a righteous man — but he hasn’t been saved yet
    • Cornelius doesn’t believe and get baptized with the Holy Spirit until v. 45
    • But his righteousness didn’t depend on what he did
    • Righteousness is a result of the cross for ALL men
    • Rom 5:18 — In Jesus (last Adam) ALL men were made alive
    • righteousness is not based on man and not even based on belief
    • it is because of the successful finished work of Jesus
Rejoice in God
verse 11: And not only so, but we also joy in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, by whom we have now received reconciliation.
  • Mirror: Thus, our joyful boasting in God continues; Jesus Christ has made reconciliation a reality.
  • Passion: And even more than that, we overflow with triumphant joy in our new relationship of living in harmony with God— all because of Jesus Christ
  • rejoice is katallagen meaning to boast; to hold our head high; ROOT is the neck;
  • Everything we boast in.. everything we have confidence in is ONLY because of the finished work of Jesus
  • Everything we (ALL men) have received is because of the finished work of Christ
    • we rejoice in God through Jesus — dia: successfully, completely through Jesus
    • we have received through our Lord Jesus Christ — dia: successfully, completely through Jesus
  • we have received is an aorist indicative active verb
    • aorist tense means effective action, successful action, single, one-time action; is not continuous; — Jesus’ act of reconciling us was a successful one time action – at the Cross
    • indicative mood simply states the thing as a fact; writer is saying there is no doubt that this occurred— this is true!: Jesus successfully, completely reconciled us.
    • active voice means the subject of the verb (Jesus Christ) carried out the action – He successfully, completely reconciled us
  • Gal 2:20-21 – I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me.
  • All of our boasting (rejoicing) is IN HIM — it’s His life in us, His joy in us, His peace in us, His love in us, and it’s most definitely His faith in us.
    • Eph 2:8-9 – For by grace are ye saved through faith; and that not of yourselves: it is the gift of God: Not of works, lest any man should boast (in himself).
    • our part is simply to believe – and that is merely to trust in or to rest in what He has successfully, completely done on our behalf — and it’s even Him that leads us to that place of rest!
  • So far in chapters 1:1-5:11 there has only been 1 imperative verb — commands that we are commanded to have as our lifestyle — even the verb believe is not an imperative verb
    • the only imperative is in chapter 3 verse 4: let God be true and every man a liar — the verse before says that someone’s unbelief doesn’t nullify God’s faith
    • we are commanded to make this our lifestyle – let God be true and every man (that contradicts what God says is true) a liar (falsifier, deceiver, to misrepresent)
    • God said Jesus’ faith successfully, completely, in a one-time action (at the Cross) justified and reconciled ALL mankind
    • make that truth (God’s truth) your truth regardless of what anyone else says to the contrary.
  • Paul’s entire message so far — IT’S SUCCESSFULLY, COMPLETELY THROUGH CHRIST ALONE FOR ALL!
Next week we’ll finish chapter 5 — looking at Adam and Jesus as the Last Adam

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