Romans 5:12-17 — Much more! (Bible study notes)

For the video teaching click here:  Romans Bible Study – week 8 – Much More!

  • Paul wrote in the earlier verses that we now have peace with God, through the work of Jesus Christ
    • peace is eirene in Greek meaning joined; as in dovetail carpentry; to be set at one again
    • with is pros which is face to face
    • Through Jesus finished work we have been joined to Him, face to face, we are now one with Him.
  • and then in Romans 5:9, we see that we were justified by His blood
    • Justified is to be declared innocent – meaning you did not do it.
    • We are not just forgiven of sin — God declares that we have never sinned
    • We are justified! Our slate is FOREVER wiped clean in God’s perception
    • The Cross changed everything
    • Sin’s authority in the human body was stripped off you when He died your death
  • Can one event, performed by one man, in one place really altar all the people in the world? — Yes!
    • Hosea 6:2 – on the 3rd day He will raise us up so that we may live in His presence
    • Eph 2:4-5 But because of His great love for us, God, who is rich in mercy, made us (past tense fact) alive with Christ, even when we were dead in our trespasses. It is by grace you are saved!
  • We ended with Romans 5:11 last week: And not only so, but also we are rejoicing in God through our Lord Jesus Christ, through whom we have now received (past tense fact) reconciliation.
Romans 5:12-14: One person opened the door to sin. Sin introduced (spiritual) death. Both sin and (spiritual) death had a global impact. No one escaped its tyranny. (13) The law didn’t introduce sin; sin was just not pointed out yet. (14) In the meantime (spiritual) death dominated from Adam to Moses, (2500 years before the law was given), no one was excluded; even those whose transgressions were different from Adam. The fact is that Adam’s offense set sin into motion, and it’s mark was globally transmitted and stained the entire human race.
  • Adam opened the door to sin which had a global impact on all mankind until the Cross
  • sin is hamartia from “ha” meaning without and “meros” meaning form —without form
    • the root of sin is to believe a lie about yourself
      • it is to live out of context with the blueprint of one’s design; it is to behave out of tune with God’s design;
      • it is anything that distracts from the awareness of our true identity — our form which was made in His image and likeness
    • In Hebrew it means to miss; to be off target; it also means to miss oneself or lose oneself;
  • Because of Adam, mankind after him had forgotten who they were; they lost themselves – lost their true nature and took on the nature of Adam
  • Gen 1:26 tells us mankind’s true nature — And God saith, ‘Let Us make man in Our image, according to Our likeness, and let them rule over fish of the sea, and over fowl of the heavens, and over cattle, and over all the earth, and over every creeping thing that is creeping on the earth.’
    • Adam was made in the image and likeness of God and had dominion in the earth — made to reign in life
  • Adam lost mankind’s identity by believing a lie about his nature – about who he was
    • Gen 3:5 – …you will be like God ….
    • They were ALREADY just like God — made in His image and likeness
  • In Hebrew it says we were made in His image, as or like His likeness
    • The Jewish sages write about this scripture, saying that God made another “speaking spirit” just like Himself.
    • Man possessed the same ability to speak words of life — of grace and favor
      • Luke 3:18-19 – Jesus spoke grace and favor into every situation
  • image is tselem in Hebrew which means a representation;
    • it is to function like God on earth with His goals, purposes, thoughts, etc; acting in the same manner He would
    • Hebrews 1:3 says He was the radiance of God’s glory and an exact representation of the Father’s being
    • Jesus said Phillip if you’ve seen me you’ve seen the Father
    • Jesus mirrored the character and every attribute of God in human form.
      • He wasn’t an example for us but AS US
      • showing us what mankind had lost and He came to redeem for us
      • showing us what we look like walking and living life in the awareness of our true nature – made in the image and likeness of God
  • Image and likeness are words of sonship
  • likeness is demuth – it’s root is dam which is blood;
    • Adam was of God’s blood line
    • Adam was God’s son had running in his veins blood type G — God’s blood
  • over generations bloodlines become diluted —
    • Gen 5:3 says Adam had a son in his likeness, in his image
  • Jesus was God’s son and had blood type G –
    • Jesus shed His blood redeeming mankind’s true nature – God’s DNA – His image and likeness
    • He redeemed that which was lost
    • our DNA changed at the Cross
    • John 1:12-13
      • one translation says “out from the natural and corrupt DNA and into the incorruptible DNA of the Father
    • ALL humanity received the Father’s genetic code
      • Eph 4:24 says that we were created (through the finished work of the Cross) in the image and likeness of God – in true righteousness and holiness
      • God’s nature is the origin of our nature
      • His reality is the substance we were made from
  • Jesus came to show us that their was nothing wrong with our design — He came revealing our likeness of God in human form
    • We were designed for oneness with God
    • mankind was not created “sinful” by nature — we were made in His image and likeness
    • It is the lost identity… the lost image and likeness that mankind inherited from Adam (until the Cross)
    • We were alienated and hostile in our own minds – Col 1:21
  • When Adam died his awareness and consciousness of the divine likeness in Him became reduced to his merely knowing himself, others and God from a guilt based, performance driven point of view as a result of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil
    • he lost sight of the doxa/glory of God and began to live the life after the flesh — not after the desires, thoughts, and purposes of God.
  • Thayer’s Greek Lexicon says that sin – hamartia is a failing to hit the mark; First due to an error of understanding and 2nd due to a bad action or evil deed.
    • Mankind’s lost identity — their lack of understanding of the truth that they were made in the nature of God resulted in bad actions or deeds because they lived life after the flesh and not after the image and likeness of God
  • from Adam is the preposition “apo” which means away from; away from that which defined mankind before;
    • Mankind (born before the cross) through Adam had moved away from what defined them – their identity in God
Romans 5:15: The only similarity in the comparison between the offense and the gift, is that both Adam and Christ represent the masses; their single action therefore bears global consequence. The idea of death and separation that was introduced by one man’s (Adam) transgression is by far superseded by the grace gift lavished upon mankind in the man Jesus Christ.
  • This verse starts with the Greek word alla – which is the strongest contrast possible in Greek.
    • It is saying, there is no comparison between what Adam’s trespass caused and what Jesus’ gift gave to mankind!!
  • Through Adam many died
    • many is the most part; the majority
    • the majority would be ALL and included all men until the Cross
  • But I love the MUCH MORE in this verse!!
    • Much More — more is very very much.
  • Much very very much what?
    • Much very very much is the grace of God and the gift of grace
    • Greek says Much, very very much, the grace of God and the gift in grace, the grace, the one Man, Jesus Christ into many abounded!
  • Many is the same many that were mentioned in the first part of the verse that said because of Adam died
  • But this is where the MUCH, VERY VERY MUCH comes into play
    • it abounds to the same many (from Adam to the Cross)
    • and then continues to abound – to overflow beyond measure – to ALL men born after the Cross.
  • This death was because of Adam’s trespass
    • trespass is greek paraptoma and is para meaning close beside, an intimate connection; and pipto meaning to fall away, abandon;
    • Adam’s trespass was his falling away from, abandoning his intimate connection with his Father.
  • It was superseded by the grace gift lavished upon mankind in the man Jesus Christ
    • Gift is dorea in Greek meaning a gift freely given, not acquired my merit or entitlement.
      • It is a benefit to another that fulfills the desire of the Giver; it is given voluntarily, beyond obligation or service.
      • ROOT is didomi which means to give something to someone that already belongs to them; thus return;
    • It always has no strings attached and is never given or lost because of something I do or don’t do — DO is law language not grace language. Grace language is DONE! GIVEN!
    • God giving the gift fulfills His desire (not ours) to restore back to us what already belonged to us.
  • God’s MUCH VERY VERY MUCH grace gift is the man Jesus Christ (the Spirit of Grace)
    • Jn 3:16 For God so loved the world – ALL of mankind – that He gave Jesus so that we could have eternal life
  • Grace is Jesus…. Jesus is Grace – you can’t go TOO FAR in Jesus and you definitely don’t need to balance Jesus with your own performance, self efforts (law) — He alone is enough!
  • Romans 5:16 (Voice): His free gift is nothing like the scourge of the first man’s sin. The judgment that fell because of one false step brought condemnation, but the free gift following countless offenses results in a favorable verdict—not guilty.
  • Adam’s sin resulted in condemnation upon ALL mankind (up to the Cross)
    • Mankind was judged guilty; declared wrong;
    • There was no hope for anyone — mankind had forgotten who they were and lost their way because of Adam
  • BUT the free gift upon ALL mankind before and after the Cross was an undeserved verdict of NOT GUILTY
    • I love the Phillips translation: men’s sins are met with the free gift of grace, and the result is justification before God.
  • justification — declared and judged innocent and righteous; positioned as if we never sinned
    • His judgement of innocent — being justified — put mankind in the same position as Jesus who never sinned
    • Not just forgiven but never sinned!
Romans 5:17 (Voice): If one man’s sin (trespass) brought a reign of death—that’s Adam’s legacy—how much more will those who receive grace in abundance and the free gift of redeeming justice reign in life by means of one other man—Jesus the Anointed.
Passion: Death once held us (mankind from Adam to the Cross) in its grip, and by the blunder of one man, death reigned as king over humanity. But now, how much more are we held in the grip of grace and continue reigning as kings in life, enjoying our regal freedom through the gift of perfect righteousness in the one and only Jesus, the Messiah!
Mirror: If (spiritual) death saw the gap in one sin, and grabbed the opportunity to dominate mankind because of one person, how much more may we now seize the advantage to reign in righteousness in this life through that one act of Christ, who declared us innocent by his grace. Grace is out of all proportion in superiority to the transgression.
  • Adam’s trespass resulted in a reign of death
  • Remember trespass – is greek paraptoma and is para meaning close beside, an intimate connection; and pipto meaning to fall away, abandon;
    • When Adam abandoned the intimate connection he had with His Father, his legacy to all mankind (from himself to the Cross) was death reigning
  • BUT there are those two words again… MUCH MORE — much, very, very, much
    • Jesus’ gave us MUCH, VERY VERY MUCH “the abundance” ” “the grace” and “the gift of righteousness”
      • abundance – over and above; exceeding measure; something above the ordinary;
      • grace – charis meaning favor from chairo to rejoice and be glad
        • I don’t know that we can sum up grace in a single definition
        • When you look at charis and chairo, you can see that it is God’s favor, His rejoicing, His pleasure towards us.
  • But we have preached a wrong nature of God for so long that it’s hard to understand or recognize God’s grace
    • we’ve made Him out to be someone that Jesus had to appease
    • An angry God that Jesus had to convince to be ok with us and to not pour out His wrath
  • But Grace is of course Jesus
    • He is God’s mind made up about us! He came and revealed a Father who was pleased with humanity, in love with humanity, rejoicing over them and extending His favor and goodness in their lives.
    • He freely gave to ALL mankind the gift of righteousness — declaring ALL right with God; ALL equal with Him.
  • Because of Adam’s transgression, death grabbed the opportunity to dominate mankind
  • How MUCH MORE — MUCH VERY VERY MUCH we may now seize the advantage to reign in righteousness in this life through that one act of Christ, who declared us innocent by his grace.
  • Grace is far superior to the transgression!
    • It is not something that we need to earn or progress in — v. 16 says it was a gift given
Next week we’ll finish up with Romans 5

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